26.4. The Anointing Oil (30:22-33)

 (22) The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:

(23) Next take choice spices: five hundred weight of solidified myrrh, half as much — two hundred and fifty — of fragrant cinnamon, two hundred and fifty of aromatic cane,

(24) five hundred — by the sanctuary weight — of cassia, and a hin of olive oil.

(25) Make of this a sacred anointing oil, a compound of ingredients expertly blended, to serve as sacred anointing oil.

(26) With it anoint the Tent of Meeting, the Ark of the Pact,

(27) the table and all its utensils, the lampstand and all its fittings, the altar of incense,

(28) the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, and the laver and its stand.

(29) Thus you shall consecrate them so that they may be most holy; whatever touches them shall be consecrated.

(30) You shall also anoint Aaron and his sons, consecrating them to serve Me as priests.

(31) And speak to the Israelite people, as follows: This shall be an anointing oil sacred to Me throughout the ages.

(32) It must not be rubbed on any person’s body, and you must not make anything like it in the same proportions; it is sacred, to be held sacred by you.

(33) Whoever compounds its like, or puts any of it on a layman, shall be cut off from his kin.

(23) Next take choice spices: five hundred weight of solidified myrrh: About 8 kg (17.6 lb).

(25) Make of this a sacred anointing oil, a compound of ingredients expertly blended, to serve as sacred anointing oil: The anointing is done with oil – a special olive oil that symbolizes illumination, since olive oil was used to kindle the menorah (27:20). The Temple and its accessories are a source of light for the Jewish people and for humanity.

(26) With it anoint the Tent of Meeting, the Ark of the Pact: The ark is mentioned first, because it is the main element of the Tabernacle.

(27) The table and … the lampstand and … the altar of incense: After the ark, the other elements of the inner Tabernacle are enumerated as more important than those that follow.

(28) The altar of burnt offering … and the laver: The external elements of the Tabernacle are now listed.

(29) Thus you shall consecrate them so that they may be most holy; whatever touches them shall be consecrated: After the Temple vessels are sanctified, they acquire a more exalted status, for they have now been officially designated for fulfilling their immediate functions in the Sanctuary. And likewise, anything that touches them acquires the same level of holiness, and must not be used for secular purposes. The same has already been stated above concerning the altar (29:37).

(30) You shall also anoint Aaron and his sons, consecrating them to serve Me as priests: The priests themselves are, as it were, Temple “utensils.”

(31-32) And speak to the Israelite people, as follows: This shall be an anointing oil sacred to Me throughout the ages. It must not be rubbed on any person’s body, and you must not make anything like it in the same proportions; it is sacred, to be held sacred by you: A clear distinction must be made between the sacred and the secular. Maintaining clear distance between the two supports and reinforces the energy of holiness.

(33) Whoever compounds its like, or puts any of it on a layman: “Layman” here means anyone who is neither a priest nor a king.

Shall be cut off from his kin: It is important for national survival to preserve the awe of the sacred that the Temple is meant to inspire.

License

Bible Dynamics, VOL. 2. EXODUS Copyright © by Orot Yerushalaim / P. Polonsky / English translation of the Torah by the Jewish Publication Society, New JPS Translation, 1985. With sincere gratitude for the permission to use. All Rights Reserved.

Share This Book