24.2. The Daily Temple Sacrifices (29:38-46)

(38) Now this is what you shall offer upon the altar: two yearling lambs each day, regularly.

(39) You shall offer the one lamb in the morning, and you shall offer the other lamb at twilight.

(40) There shall be a tenth of a measure of choice flour with a quarter of a hin of beaten oil mixed in, and a libation of a quarter hin of wine for one lamb;

(41) and you shall offer the other lamb at twilight, repeating with it the meal offering of the morning with its libation — an offering by fire for a pleasing odor to the Lord,

(42) a regular burnt offering throughout the generations, at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting before the Lord. For there I will meet with you, and there I will speak with you,

(43) and there I will meet with the Israelites, and it shall be sanctified by My Presence.

(44) I will sanctify the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and I will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve Me as priests.

(45) I will abide among the Israelites, and I will be their God.

(46) And they shall know that I the Lord am their God, who brought them out from the land of Egypt that I might abide among them, I the Lord their God.

(38) Now this is what you shall offer upon the altar: After detailing the procedure for initiating the priests and the altar, the Torah moves on to describing the priests’ regular duties.

Two yearling lambs each day, regularly: This is the korban tamid, the “perpetual sacrifice” brought twice daily with never any exception whatsoever, and thus the most constant element of the Temple service.

(39) You shall offer the one lamb in the morning, and you shall offer the other lamb at twilight: “At twilight” means before sunset. These two daily offerings will in later times serve as the basis for establishing the second and third of the three daily prayers – shacharit and minchah.

(40) There shall be a tenth of a measure of choice flour: “Tenth measure” in Hebrew is issaron (from eser, “ten,” and meaning a tenth part of an ephah). It is identical with the omer (see 16:36), a measure of dry capacity equal to approx. 2,2 liters.

With a quarter of a hin of beaten oil mixed in: A hin is approx. 6 liters.

Beaten oil: This is the oil which flows from olives when pressure is applied to them, without grinding the pits. The Talmud, however, asserts that even second-stage pressed oil (obtained by grinding the olives together with their pits) is suitable for the Menachot (meal offerings).

And a libation of a quarter hin of wine: An animal sacrifice combines meat, flour, oil, and wine, which represent the main categories of human nourishment.

(42) A regular burnt offering throughout the generations, at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting before the Lord. For there I will meet with you, and there I will speak with you: Revelation is primary, with atonement and sacrifice only the preparations for it.

(43) And there I will meet with the Israelites, and it shall be sanctified by My Presence: The Almighty will meet not only with Moses, but with all the people. Thus, the Temple as a meeting place will be sanctified by God’s presence.

(45) I will abide among the Israelites: This is the calling of the Jewish people – to serve as God’s abode on earth.

And I will be their God: I will govern the Jewish people by being directly involved in their lives, and not in the manner that I govern other nations – indirectly, through angels (that is, through their obedience to the laws of nature and society).

(46) And they shall know that I the Lord am their God, who brought them out from the land of Egypt that I might abide among them, I the Lord their God: The purpose of the Exodus was to create a place for God in the lower worlds, which is achieved through the Jewish people.

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Bible Dynamics, VOL. 2. EXODUS Copyright © by Orot Yerushalaim / P. Polonsky / English translation of the Torah by the Jewish Publication Society, New JPS Translation, 1985. With sincere gratitude for the permission to use. All Rights Reserved.

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